The Use of Habakkuk 2:4 in Romans 1:17
For the final three weeks of our series, we will examine the three passages in the NT that use Habakkuk 2:4 (Rom. 1; Gal. 3; and Heb. 10). Today, we consider its use in Romans 1:17.
In Part I of this lesson, we will treat the first 48 verses of Romans in this lesson. In Part II, we will examine key related teaching in Romans 14. Doing so, we will discover that Paul’s teaching in Romans correlates directly with key elements of his evangelistic ministry in Athens (Acts 17).
Introductory Aspects of Romans 1:1-2:16
Romans 1:1-2:16 comprises 48 verses that may be considered a unit for two reasons:
(1) The section begins with explicit teaching about the gospel (Rom. 1:1ff.) and ends with another explicit statement about the gospel (Rom. 2:16). Three other references to the gospel (Rom. 1:9, 15, 16) in this section show that the gospel is a key aspect of this section.
(2) The section features at least thirteen clear statements about God as judge (Rom. 1:18, 24, 26, 28, 32; 2:2, 3, 5, 6, 11, 12, 13, 16). Of these, 2:16 is particularly relevant for our series.
The extensive focus on both the gospel and God as judge in this section signal to us the need to consider closely how Paul relates these two truths here.
Paul begins Romans by explaining his calling to minister the gospel of God (Rom. 1:1-5). He declares that God promised the gospel beforehand in His holy Scriptures through His prophets (Rom. 1:1-2).
The gospel message concerns God’s Son (“His Son” [Rom. 1:3a]), which shows that it is a message about the One who is uniquely related to God the Father. Paul then declares two key truths about His Son (Rom. 1:3b-4).
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